In large cities, the metro is considered an important and popular transport. The cultural Russian capital St. Petersburg, in which the metro is developing rapidly and covers most of the city territory, is no exception. In this regard, the municipal city authorities draw up plans for the modernization, expansion and improvement of the network. And what are the prospects for 2020? The metro will continue to develop actively, and detailed plans, as well as a metro map of St. Petersburg 2020, are discussed below.
The metro development plan was developed and approved at the state level a long time ago - back in 2011. Then the points of the program were presented for review, according to which by 2020 the number of stations will increase by thirteen additional ones. Also, two depots will be included in the scheme. At the moment, some tasks have already been completed: the subway network has expanded significantly and improved. But still, the plan continues to be implemented, and by the next 2020, the metro will become even more developed and extensive.
The main tasks
What do the authorities of St. Petersburg intend to do by 2020? Equip the subway in such a way that it is fully consistent with the scale of the northern capital of the Russian Federation, its area and population.
The population of St. Petersburg is steadily and constantly increasing in number, and is gradually being developed, populated and built up with new buildings on the outskirts, in which new houses appear, forming sleeping areas. They are distant from the center, which is extremely inconvenient for residents: many work in the central parts and are forced to spend a lot of effort, time and money on the road to places of labor.
It is this situation that has developed in the city that determines the desire for development and the need to expand the metro. After modernization, the transport system should connect sleeping remote areas with the center of St. Petersburg.
Another feature of the cultural Russian capital is a large number of tourist, cultural and architectural objects that are popular among local residents and visitors. And their accessibility is also important, therefore comfortable access should be provided to such places, the achievement of which is planned to be achieved by expanding the metro network.
Detailed development plan
A separate program has been developed called “Development of the transport system of St. Petersburg”. It includes a number of measures aimed at expanding the network, namely to increase the length of the branches. According to plans approved in 2011, the lines will extend by 139.4 kilometers, and of course, several new additional stations will appear in the scheme. For the implementation of such ambitious plans, 145.7 billion rubles were allocated, and these funds come from the regional and federal budgets.
For 2020 and until 2022, all forces are aimed at the emergence of new stations in St. Petersburg in two lines: orange (Right-Bank) and purple (Primorsky). In addition, the metro scheme, after implementing all the plans drawn up, should include another new branch: it will be called Krasnoselsko-Kalininskaya and will turn brown in the schematic images.
Based on a successful example of the capital of Russia, St. Petersburg metro engineers developed a program for introducing the so-called ring line, which will cross all other branches. And in the foreseeable future, the ongoing preparatory work to launch the ring will be completed. By 2020, it should begin to function fully.
Single line development
As noted above, two lines will actively develop and modernize: purple and orange. A new brown branch is also planned. But what exactly do the Petersburg authorities, engineers and builders want to bring to life? More on this below.
The Frunzensko-Primorskaya line of the St. Petersburg metro, called the simple language of violet and being the fifth in a row, passes through almost the entire central territory of the city, connecting the Primorsky and Frunze districts. In the north, Komendantsky Prospekt was considered the terminal station of the branch, and the International station at the southern end. The opening of new stops was supposed to take place as early as the last 2018th year, but it was not possible to implement such plans. As a result, by 2020, the number of stations will increase by three southern and one northern:
- "Prospect of Glory";
- "Shuvalovsky Prospect."
Relating to the Frunze radius, the new metro section will have such a feature as a varying depth of laying, which is due to the difficult topography of the territory of St. Petersburg. It is planned to introduce three levels: ground, deep and shallow. For example, the “Prospect of Glory” will run deep, the “Danube” is considered a shallow station, and “Shushary” will become a ground station altogether.
When expanding the purple line, a sophisticated innovative engineering solution is used - a two-track tunnel. It will have such a diameter that it fits two paths at once. This method of construction at the same time reduces the time spent on the implementation of the plan and reduces costs.
There is no electric depot on the Frunzensko-Primorsky line, and to improve the quality of service, a depot called "Southern" will be created, and it promises to become the largest in all of Russia. Its launch from 2018 was postponed to a later date, and most likely, in 2020, the plan will be implemented.
Right Bank Line
The main task of the Right-bank purple line is the movement of metro passengers between the right bank of the Neva and the city center. It is planned to extend this branch to two metro stations, namely to Teatralnaya and Mining Institute, which will be launched by 2020.
The Teatralnaya station will have no entrances or exits to the city. A competition is being held, according to the results of which Petersburgers will determine the most preferred design of the station structure. According to preliminary data, the design will be done in calm gray-blue tones, complemented by images of dancers on the walls.
The third station of Vasilyevsky Island should be the Mining Institute. Architects designed the lobby in such a way that it could accommodate the largest number of passengers - only up to 90 thousand people.
A new section of this line will perform the tasks of unloading the unit, including Spasskaya, Sadovaya stations and Sennaya square. If you believe the preliminary calculations, the passenger flow here will exceed 700,000 people every day.
The brown line named Krasnoselsko-Kalinin will connect the southwestern and northeastern St. Petersburg regions. It will include only six stations, and three of them will become transplant points of purple, blue and red branches. According to the engineers' expectations, the new line will connect the St. Petersburg center with the south-western area, thereby reducing the load and passenger turnover of the Kirov-Vyborg branch.
Design has been underway for more than ten years, and construction began only in the 2013th year. Although the initial completion of the project was planned for the 2020th year, it was postponed indefinitely due to the importance of other facilities. But the stations located between Putilovskaya and Yugo-Zapadnaya will be commissioned by the 22nd year, and a full commissioning is planned for the 27th year.
Active development of the Krasnopolsky depot is underway, in which rolling stock running along the brown branch will be serviced. Until then, the operation will be carried out by employees of another depot.
These are the prospects for the development of the St. Petersburg metro for 2020.