Nativity of Christ in 2020
Since ancient times, Christmas has been celebrated throughout the world. He is loved and expected not only by believing Christians, but also by children who cannot imagine the New Year holidays without a Christmas tree and gifts. The second most important Christian holiday. Appeared in the II century AD in honor of the birth of Jesus Christ. It began to be celebrated in our country since the X century. Until 1918 it remained the most important holiday of winter.
The history of the holiday
The first mention of the celebration of this day refers to the two hundredth year of our era. Until the fourth century, it was celebrated as the feast of the Epiphany. In the middle of the fourth century, the Catholic Church began to celebrate two holidays: Christmas and Epiphany at different times. The first was celebrated on December 25, and the second on January 6. The date in December was not chosen by chance. Thus, the Catholic Church sought to supplant the already existing and very widespread holiday since ancient Rome, associated with the winter solstice and affirming the cult of the Invincible Sun.
Christmas came to Russia with Christianity. It is still celebrated on December 25 according to the Julian calendar or January 7 according to the Gregorian calendar. The holiday in our country has also gone through many changes. For example, in 1929 it ceased to be a public holiday and a day off. The Christmas tree associated with it has become an attribute of the New Year holidays. First, it was allowed for children, and then the New Year was legalized for adults. This happened in 1947, when the New Year was a day off. Christmas again became a holiday and a day off only in 1991.
Christmas celebration in Russia
In our country, Christmas has always been an important holiday. Before the 1917 revolution, it was purely religious in nature. On this day, Christians without fail visited churches and attended the solemn service. On Christmas Eve, Christmas Eve is celebrated. On this day, all the household members, after evening service in the church, gather at a large table, where there are only meatless dishes:
- stewed or boiled vegetables;
- dumplings and lean pastries;
- pies with berries;
- and, of course, kutia.
In the countryside it was customary to lay hay or straw under a festive tablecloth, as a reminder of where our God was born. The presence of at least twelve lean dishes was also considered normal.
In antiquity, Christmas Eve belonged to funeral feasts. It was believed that in the evening of 06.01, not only living relatives, but also the long-dead, converged to the table. People that day prayed and asked for advice and help from their ancestors.
After the all-night prayer, it was believed that the fast was over and one could converse. In the morning of 07.01 the table was covered with the most exquisite dishes:
- from fish;
- all types of meat;
- dairy products, etc.
Kvass, beer, wine, tinctures and vodka appeared at the meal. The table was not cleaned until the next morning. It was customary to share treats with the poor and disadvantaged.
After Christmas, the twelve-day period of holidays - Christmas time began. During them, various ceremonies are carried out that ensure well-being for the whole subsequent year and protect the house from illness, misfortune and adversity. For this period, special ritual songs - carols - are also characteristic. Both children and adults can carol. To do this, they dress up in different images and go home to inform that God was born, and also in order to wish prosperity and health to the owners. For this, the owners give them sweets, fruits and money.
Since this holiday, among other things, is associated with the New Year tree and gifts, it is celebrated almost all over the world, because everyone loves gifts. This passion of people is strongly encouraged by sellers. All sorts of sales and promotions are held on the eve of the holidays. The flow of customers in this regard increases sharply. Sometimes the Christmas revenue of some stores is equal to a similar profit for several months.
|Where noted:||all christian countries|
|Day off or not:||output|
|Day of the week:||Sunday|
|Who celebrates:||all who consider themselves Christians|
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Christmas Eve - a gala family evening on the eve of the main Christian holiday.
It is rich in unique traditions and customs that carry a deep religious meaning from the time of our ancestors. And to this day, we try to observe these mysterious rites. A festive evening on the eve of the Nativity of Jesus Christ and the final day of the Philippine (Christmas) fasting. The name from the word “sochi” - wheat grains soaked in water - the traditional food of believers on this day, according to the Church Charter.
History and traditions of Christmas Eve
On Christmas Eve it is customary for the Orthodox to refrain from eating until the first star appears in the sky. This is due to historical belief, according to which the magi, seeing a little light in the sky, decided that the king of the Jews was born and arrived in Jerusalem to worship. But they did not find him there and followed the guiding light to Bethlehem, where they saw the baby Jesus with his mother Mary.
The name of the holiday comes from the word “sochi”, so called a special dish of wheat or rice, which was added to honey, nuts, raisins, fruits, poppy seeds. It was with this funeral meal that the festive feast began on the eve of Christmas.
Since ancient times on this day, everyone was preparing for the Nativity of Christ. The hostesses cleaned the house, prepared dinner, waited for the guests. In the villages, hay was thrown to the floor, and straw to the table, which symbolized the manger in which Christ was born.
Of great importance was given to the evening meal, which was started after the appearance of the stars in the sky. Women prepared 12 dishes for the festive table, which corresponded to the number of holy apostles of Jesus Christ. Mandatory holiday treats were kutya and uzvar.
In the evening, it was customary to gather as a family and attend church, where the service and liturgy took place. If it was not possible to get into the temple, then it was allowed to read the prayers at home before the gala dinner. It was believed that the new clothing worn on Holy evening cleanses of evil and portends something good in the coming year.
One of the interesting traditions that have survived to our time is the ritual of caroling. For this, young boys and girls dressed up and showed scenes on Christmas themes. We walked around the village in the evening, congratulated our neighbors and sang Christmas carols, for which young people were treated to sweets and gingerbread cookies.
As night fell, many girls wondered by the mirror, by wax, by the ring, by the water, or by the dog barking. Fortune-telling is believed to come true almost always.
Christmas Eve is followed by the winter holidays of the Christmas time, which continues until Baptism (January 19).
Signs and beliefs
Many holiday signs related directly to Christmas dinner:
- People believed that prayers made before meals heal many diseases and help change lives.
- Before serving the dishes, the hostess hid the cloves of garlic under the tablecloth to ward off evil spirits.
- Each member of the family had to try at least a little 12 holiday dishes.
- An even number of guests should be present at the ceremonial meal. Otherwise, the hostess left one extra set of devices on the table.
- Before dinner, the landlord scattered sympathetically in different corners of the courtyard, which symbolized the health and prosperity of all family members.
- The people thought that the richer the dinner for the holiday will be, the more favorable the coming year will pass.
Merry Christmas and Happy Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve is the harbinger of the great Christian holiday Christmas. In the people it is also called "Kolyada". This day is especially filled with a festive mood, peace, tranquility and harmony reign in the house. Children dress up and sing carol songs. In the evening, the whole family gathers at the festive table, giving each other warm wishes and original presents.
Congratulations in Prose
If you decide to congratulate relatives on such a wonderful holiday, then the best option would be original congratulations in prose. A prosaic text always sounds penetrating and sincere, kind words will warm the soul of the addressee, and he will not be able to remain indifferent.
The night before Christmas is the triumph of the light forces over evil. We wish you the prevalence of goodness, joy, prosperity and good luck! And may in your hearts also be made a choice in favor of responsiveness, patience and sympathy for all the people around you.
Christmas Eve has arrived, which means Christmas is coming soon. May, despite the swirling snowflakes and frosty air outside the window, in your house, my dear friend, there be a warm atmosphere filled with happiness and love. Congratulations on a wonderful holiday!
On Christmas Eve, let the house be bright and clean, let the friendly family and loved ones assemble, let the spark of happiness and hope burn in the soul, let the heart be full of love and joy.
Greetings in verses
This day is a great occasion to say warm words to your relatives and friends, to wish them peace and well. How to issue beautiful wishes is up to you. It can be, for example, congratulations in verses.
Lean kutya let it be magical,
Well, health will bring to all loved ones,
Christmas Eve is mysterious and miraculous,
Angel for you let the carols sing!
A star flickers with a quiet secret
Christmas Eve is coming
So that dreams come true soon
You make a wish
May Christmas Eve give a miracle
For you and for a close friend!
Cool short congratulations in SMS
If you don’t have the opportunity to personally congratulate your loved one on this special date, do not forget about SMS messages that instantly transmit your wishes anywhere in the world. After all, good SMS warm the heart and give rise to bright feelings in the soul. Such a sign of attention will not go unnoticed, it will make you closer, despite the distance.
Every year around Christmas
Not lazy and not embarrassed
May goodness come to you
In your happiness incarnating.
May good luck and success
Every day your soak
Joy brings you laughter
Let life play with colors!
A picture with the image of Christmas symbols will help to complement the original wish. It could be:
- a simple card with painted faces of the Saints, angels, stars;
- photo of the holy days.
Choose the appropriate illustration, congratulatory words, combine them into a single whole and feel free to send to the addressee!