The Petrov Lent is an important period for all believers, as it helps to prepare for a very significant religious holiday - the Day of Peter and Paul. Although today far from all people know who these saints were and what contribution they made to Christianity. But not only the names of the disciples of Christ, but his key teachings for many are a thing of the past. Thus, fasting is one of the most important processes laid down by Jesus in his instructions. It is through restrictions on food and entertainment that a person goes through unity with God, learns to be humble, and brings up willpower.
When will the Petrov post in 2020
This post is also called Apostolic, referring to the connection with the supreme apostles. The event is seasonal in nature and is not endowed with a fixed date. For Orthodoxy, the Apostolic Lent is fundamental, and it falls on summer days, not endowed with a specific duration. When the Trinity ends, the week is counted, and from this day the fast begins. The day of the end of restrictions marks the apostolic feast of Peter and Paul.
In 2020, Petrov Lent begins on June 15 and ends on July 11.
Apostolic Lenten days are characterized by strict rules, but not as severe as in the Great. By fasting, a person must be completely cleansed of bad thoughts, negative emotions and bad habits. The menu items are fish dishes and seafood, but they are rarely used.
A bit of history
For Christianity, the event in question is considered one of the most ancient, because for the first time records about it were dated to the 3rd century. The sources were taken Apostolic decrees, a collection of apocrypha and other books related to the beginning of our era. Initially, the event did not provide for independence, it remained compensatory. Petrov fast was held only by those who could not fast for a long time, to the extent of illness or pregnancy. With the onset of the 11th century, the nature of the event changed, and it became traditional, independent.
The acts of Peter and Paul, as the first apostles, gave the name to the post, and it was recommended that everyone should keep it. In the 5th century, instructions on this subject were painted in detail by Saint Ambrose, who fixed the rules in his personal writings. He laid out the norms of behavior in detail, indicated suitable prayers, and painted the food. Rome and Constantinople, as religious European capitals, grasped this post stronger than the others, and a temple was built in honor of the apostles.
What can and cannot be eaten in fasting?
Since the time of Ancient Russia, Orthodox believers strictly adhered to the rules of abstinence, fasting according to church instructions. For everyday life, a schedule was drawn up, traditions were rooted. Restrictions in food forced the housewives to come up with dishes that meet all the requirements. To feed the family deliciously, but as part of fasting, women had to show imagination. Petrovka-hunger strike, as the Post was called in ancient times, coincided with the period when the bins of the peasants were still empty. Before the new harvest they had to hold out for a long time, and the people had no choice, they had to starve.
To the fore came dishes with mushrooms, okroshka, first-leaf botany, sprouted sprouts and other lean dishes. Fish pies appeared on peasant tables on holidays, and even then not at all. The fisherman was baked in an open way, just wrapping the whole fish in the dough. It turned out that living conditions coincided with church demands, and people fasted almost forcedly. In terms of severity, the Apostolic Lent is very different from the Assumption, and even more so - from the Great.
The strict exclusion of alcohol is an important rule of the Petrov Lent, and only on certain days an incomplete glass of red wine is allowed. Smoking is banned, and faith does not welcome drugs at all. Cleansing the body must occur fully, it is more important to completely free the soul from negativity. It is not recommended to drink milk on these fasting days, eat eggs and meat, cottage cheese and sour cream.
Daily Nutrition Features
Dry eating, so traditional for fasting, is observed exclusively in temples, for ordinary people it is not necessary. For all those who want to starve for the purpose of purification and healing, it is necessary to delete products of non-plant production from the menu.
- Monday does not prohibit the use of hot food, vegetable oil should not appear in the recipe.
- Tuesday - hot food can be flavored with vegetable oil, fish products are allowed.
- Wednesday - you can’t eat hot dishes, no butter, only dry eating.
- Thursday is a fish day.
- Friday - Strict bans on hot and oil.
- Saturday - not only hot, with butter, but seafood is added to the fish.
- Sunday - Saturday's menu is complemented by one glass of wine, incomplete and not intoxicated.
If on a fasting day a holiday falls, the diet can be weakened with the addition of oil, cook hot, and drink some wine. When the Petrov Lent ends and the feast of the apostles comes, all prohibitions are lifted.
Are weddings and weddings allowed?
Modern youth, choosing the date of marriage, is not guided by religious canons. But those who know the traditions strive not to violate church regulations. In Russia, it was sacredly believed that fasting days were not the best time for a wedding celebration, which would not allow the newlyweds to gain mutual understanding. Priests refuse to hold weddings on such days, and simple parties were sharply reproached during this period. Therefore, for the wedding, you should choose a different period that is not associated with fasting.
From the video, find out what can and cannot be done during the Petrov post 2020: