Chinese New Year is a unique holiday, with its traditions, features and ancient symbols. If in Russia the onset of the next cycle is celebrated on December 31, then the Chinese celebrate such an important event twice a year. First of all, Chinese citizens have fun on January 1, together with all the countries of the world, and then they turn to the Chinese calendar. Following the traditional Chinese beliefs, with the advent of Chunze (New Year in China) - spring warmth comes, and natural renewal.
Celebration date in 2020 and symbol of the year.
The meeting of spring prosperity in the Celestial Empire takes place annually outside a fixed number, and directly depends on the lunar calendar. Traditionally, festivities will continue for 15 days, so that people have a good rest before hard working days. After all, as you know, the Chinese are considered the most hardworking people. During the New Year holidays, most Chinese companies have two-week weekends. So, what date does the Chinese New Year 2020 start?
2020 on the Chinese calendar will begin on January 25, the weekend in China will last until February 9. The very same year of the Rat will last until February 12, 2021.
Each year has its own symbols, the meaning and name of which was determined at the dawn of the universe. If you believe Eastern philosophy, then the annual cycle is 12 years, and in each large period there is a patron - an animal. It is these sacred creatures that determine what people born under a particular sign will be and what the current year will be like.
If we consider the symbol of 2020, then it will become a white metal Rat. A 12-year cycle opens from it, and calculus resumes. The Chinese legend of the symbols of the year says that the Rat received its honorable first place, thanks to its own agility. When the Jade Emperor called all the animals to himself, it was the Rat who crossed the sacred river, and was the first to call. The ruler acknowledged the victory, however, the cunning Rat took advantage of savvy. She turned to the good-natured Bull for help, and he happily transported her to the other side on her back. The passenger jumped to the ground first, leaving her assistant behind. The emperor, seeing a rat trick, did not punish her, but made him the main among competitors.
On the eve of the holiday
Chinese New Year occupies an important place in the calendar, therefore, preparations for its celebration are carried out with utmost care. No Chinese will ever forget to prepare for Chun Jie, observing all the rules and traditions. There are a lot of beliefs and signs associated with this holiday that dictate the rules of preparation dictating to the people. The process of comprehensive purification is of key importance at this stage. At the same time, it is important to put in order not only the home, but also the body, as well as the soul. First, all Chinese wives and mothers schedule spring cleaning at home, affecting absolutely every corner. Dust and dirt are not the place in the new year, so they are carefully disposed of. All unnecessary things are removed from cabinets and pantries, and ruthlessly thrown away, freeing up space for new items.
After cleaning the house, the Chinese begin to cleanse the body. Someone visits the baths, while someone is more pleasant to go to the sauna. Some enthusiasts even attend medical procedures to cleanse the body. To appease the symbol of the coming year, all the housewives pre-think the New Year menu. The number of goodies should be maximum, otherwise there will be no wealth in the family. Moreover, you have to cook a lot, following an ancient tradition. On the day after New Year’s Eve, you can’t approach the stove, and you need to eat what is left after the festive feast. Women try to create hearty goodies from fish and meat, and to attract well-being, tangerines and other citrus fruits are placed on the table. Particular attention is paid to the clothes in which they sit at the table. It is necessary to dress in a cleanly washed, and neatly ironed. Bright garlands, red lanterns and other beautiful decorations are hung around the house.
New Year Celebrations in China: Features
On the eve of the next year cycle, no one sleeps in Chinese homes, neither children nor their parents. Representatives of several generations are sure to gather at the table, and all have dinner. Throughout the New Year's Eve, it is customary to make noise loudly, sing songs, and launch fireworks. The Chinese believe that in this way they scare away evil spirits. After the nightly celebrations, the Day of the son-in-law, or the Day of Relatives, comes when the relatives go to visit each other. The third day of the festivities is related to sacrifice. Special figures are made of paper, and then they are burned.
Further days are devoted to friendly gatherings, up to the sixth day. From the 6th to the 8th day of the Chinese New Year, it is customary to relax in a narrow family circle, and on the 9th to honor the memory of the ancestors. In the second week of the weekend, many provinces resume work hours, while the rest continue to have fun. True, the fun program is not so intense. The 13th day is considered vegetarian, and you can’t eat meat on this day. From the 14th day preparations for the holiday of lanterns begin, and on the 15th bright lights are launched into the sky. Thousands of lanterns raised in the sky, complete the holiday. This spectacle is not only fascinating, but also meets the ancient tradition. It is believed that the light of lanterns illuminates the sky, and the souls of the dead better see the way to heaven.
In China there are features for celebrating the Chinese New Year, and in each region they have their own. Although there are general provisions that are not accepted to be violated. As the festive color of clothes, the Chinese traditionally choose red, or include red elements in the outfit. According to legend, in ancient times, a terrible monster attacked people, and they managed to scare him off only in red. All guests entering a holiday at home should give the owners two tangerines, attracting happiness and prosperity. When the guests leave, the owners already give them two fruits from their stocks to share the joy. New Year's Eve, and all subsequent ones, are consecrated by the lights of noisy fireworks designed to scare and expel evil spirits.
To protect the house from all evil, the Chinese tie red ribbons or strips of red paper on the windows. After the New Year, on its first day, you can not sweep the floor. It is believed that this way you can sweep wealth and happiness.
How to celebrate the New Year 2020 according to Chinese traditions
The Chinese believe that for a happy life it is necessary to competently appease the symbol of the new year and create a comfortable atmosphere.
Since 2020 will be held under the sign of a white metal Rat, then you should celebrate the holiday according to "rat" traditions.
The rodent, symbolizing the year 2020, loves cheese very much, so this delicacy on the table should be abundant. A tablecloth is best to choose snow-white, but metal-colored matter is also suitable. The company should be noisy and motley, such a Rat will like. All candle holders and decorations are best chosen in gray or white. The dress is preferable to sew from iridescent silver fabric. But, if there is a desire to comply with Chinese traditions, it is necessary to add red color to outfits and jewelry.
The Chinese New Year is devoted to many studies and articles, since in China there are many interesting legends and beliefs. From there came the fashion to devote each year to a particular animal, determining the menu for the holiday, and even the color of New Year's outfits. Particularly noteworthy is the time that the Chinese spend with their families, and how they honor the memory of the departed. And the love of fireworks lives in the Russian soul, so the Chinese attributes of fun are so close to Russian people.
From the video, you will learn how to celebrate and celebrate New Year in China: